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Property Change of Use



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What is Change of Use?

Change of Use Matrix

 

The Town and Country Planning Order 1987 puts uses of land and buildings into various categories known as 'Use Classes'.

To change a use within the same class (e.g. A1 to A1) does not constitute ‘development’ and does not require planning permission.

 

However, you may require planning permission to switch uses between classes, unless the proposed change is a permitted development, in which case an application for a certificate of lawfulness should be submitted to the Local Authority.

 

Many small businesses will be in Class A1 (shops) or A2 (financial and professional services). Small industrial premises in residential areas could be classified as B1, and warehouses as B8. Commercial and other clinics would be in Class D1 (non-residential institutions) and leisure uses and gyms would be in D2 (assembly and leisure).

It is strongly advised to check whether a change of use is likely to be granted before buying or leasing premises.

 

Drawing and Planning have a successful history of helping many of our clients gain Change of Usage Planning Consent from their Local Councils.

 

Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to find out how we can help you gain Change of Usage Planning Permission.


 

Change of Use to or from Class A

Use Class A1 - Shops / Retail 

 

 

Changing to A1

If you own a property that you would like to use as an A1 shop, or are thinking of taking a lease on a property but need to change the current use of the property, you have come to the right place.  In many instances a property will be permitted a change to A1 only requiring an application for a certificate of lawfulness for the change of use. However, in some cases changing to an alternate use may require planning permission.

 

 

Changing from A1

If you are a landlord or business owner and are looking to change the designation of a property from A1 to any alternative use, you will need planning permission before doing so. The most common change from A1 is either to an A3 restaurant or an A5 hot food takeaway, but there are many other potential uses. In our capacity as planning consultants we have successfully secured planning permission for changes from A1 shops to D1 gyms, B1 offices, D1 nurseries, D1 dental centres, and many more.

 

 

 


A1 Shops / Retail ►

 

Use Class A2 - Financial And Professional Services

 

 

Changing to A2

If you are looking to change the use of a property to A2 to be used for financial & professional services you may or may not need to apply for planning permission, depending on whether there is are permitted change rights. For example, if the property in question is designated as an A3 restaurant, A4 pub or A5 hot food takeaway, it may be possible to change it to A2 without applying for change of use consent, subject to it meeting certain requirements.

 

To find out if you need planning permission for a change of use you can contact us and one of our consultants will be happy to go through the scheme with you. Changing any other property to A2 will always need planning permission. 

 

 

Changing from A2

If the current designation of a property is A2 and you wish to change it to another use class, you will most likely need to apply for planning permission. In the event that your desired change is to A1 and the shop has a ground floor window display, you may be able to proceed with the change without applying for planning permission for the change of use.

 

We recommend that you determine early on whether planning permission is needed for a proposed change, as it may prove costly to apply once you have already taken a lease and set up the business. As planning consultants we have successfully secured planning permission for many of our clients seeking to change the use of an A2 premises to A3 restaurants, B1 offices, D2 gym facilities and others.

 

A2 Financial and Professional Services ►

 

Use Class A3 - Restaurants and Cafes

 

 

Changing to A3

We are consistently approached by prospective restaurateurs who have set their eyes on a particular property where they wish to open a new restaurant. Not all properties are suitable for use as a restaurant as there are many issues that may pose challenges to securing planning permission. In determining the suitability of a site for use as a restaurant we address all the issues that the Council planners may raise. A key issue is usually the placement of an extraction flume from the kitchen in a manner that will not adversely affect the amenity of the surrounding properties. Other concerns we address are the availability of parking and public transport, site access, opening hours, potential objections from neighbours and many other issues.

 

As experts in the change of use planning we offer our clients free advice on the suitability of a site in an effort to minimise the hassle associated with opening a new for use as a restaurant. In the past we have successfully secured the change of use of countless A1 retail units to restaurants, several former pubs, warehouses and even a former library. If you are considering a change of use to A3, get in touch and we would be happy to work with you to get planning permission for a restaurant.

 

 

Changing from A3

In the current economic climate many restaurants have been forced to close down business. This has resulted in an abundance of vacant A3 premises on our high street. You may have a vacant A3 on your hands but can't find an interested party, or you may have a need for a new premises for your business and have found the perfect site. Whatever the reason you need to change from A3, we are here to help you!

 

To secure a change of use, it is preferable for the property to have been vacant for approximately two years. As part of the application it will be necessary to justify the loss of the A3 unit and argue for the necessity or benefit of the proposed change. As planning consultants with particular expertise in change of use applications we have successfully changed A3 premises to a variety of uses required by our clients. Get in touch with us today to learn how we can help you get the change of use you require.

 

A3 Restaurants and Cafes ►


Use Class A4 - Drinking Establishments

Changing to A4

Changing from A4

 

 

A4 Drinking Establishments ►

 

Use Class A5 - Hot food takeaways

Changing to A5

If you are looking to open a hot-food takeaway business or get a change of use to A5 for your property, you have come to the right place. Changing the use of a premises to A5 can normally be achieved provided certain criteria are satisfied. We have an extensive record of helping our clients get the planning permission they require to set up their business very quickly and with minimum hassle. As part of a change of use planning application, it is always necessary to justify the loss of the unit you are changing from and put forth a compelling argument for the proposed change to A5.

 

We know what to look out for and have overcome every possible obstacle in getting a change of use to A5. One of the main issues, apart from justifying the change of use, is the placement of the extraction flume. This must be situated in a way that it does not adversely affect the neighbouring properties and not be visible from the street. Other issues usually relate to late opening hours, employment and access. As planning consultants, we continue to achieve planning permission for change of use to A5 on a regular basis. If you would like to discuss your scheme with us and find out how we can help you get change of use consent, please contact us and one of our consultants will be happy to go through it with you.

Changing from A5

 

 

A5 - Hot food takeaways ►


Change of use to or from Class B

Change of use to or from Class C

Use Class C1 Hotels and Hostels

Changing to C1

Changing from C1

 

 

C1 Hotels and Hostels ►

 

Use Class C2 Residential Institutions

Changing to C2

Changing from C2

 

 

C2 Residential Institutions ► 

 

Use Class C3 Dwellings, Houses, Flats, Apartments

Changing to C3

Changing the use of  a property for use as residential is often an attractive option to landlords and property investors. It is important to bear in mind that there are strict policies that apply when converting a property to residential. A key concern that can potentially alter the viability of a scheme is the minimum criteria of dwelling space required per unit. In other words, while it may be possible in theory to create residential units within your property, they must meet the minimum space standards as defined by governmental policy.

Changing from C3

 

 

C3 Dwellings, Houses, Flats, Apartments ► >>


Use Class C4 Houses in Multiple Occupation

Changing to C4

Changing from C4

 

 

C4 Houses in Multiple Occupation ► >>

Change of use to or from Class D

Change of use to or from Class Sui Generis

Sui Generis

Changing to Sui Generis

Changing from Sui Generis


 

 

Sui Generis ►>>

 

LATEST NEWS - GRANTED PLANNING PERMISSION APPLICATIONS

Prior approval granted at : Roxeth House, Shaftesbury Avenue, South Harrow, Harrow, HA2 0PZ, 2015-04-22

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured prior approval for conversion of First & Second Floor Offices (Class B1a) to 3 SelfContained Flats (Class C3). Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Harrow   Project : Conversion of First & Second Floor Offices (Class B1a) to 3 SelfContained Flats (Class C3).   Location : Roxeth House, Shaftesbury Avenue, South Harrow, Harrow, HA2 0PZ   Council : Harrow         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 6 Westlinton Close, London, NW7 1PY, 2015-04-15

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for roof extension including 1No. rear dormer window, 2No. side rooflights and 1No. front rooflight to facilitate a loft conversion. Single storey rear extension. Conversion of existing garage into habitable accommodation. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Roof extension including 1No. rear dormer window, 2No. side rooflights and 1No. front rooflight to facilitate a loft conversion. Single storey rear extension. Conversion of existing garage into habitable accommodation.   Location : 6 Westlinton Close, London, NW7 1PY   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 2 Marlborough Avenue, Edgware, HA8 8UH, 2015-04-07

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for part single, part two storey side extension including alterations to existing garage. Single storey rear extension following demolition of existing conservatory. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Part single, part two storey side extension including alterations to existing garage. Single storey rear extension following demolition of existing conservatory.   Location : 2 Marlborough Avenue, Edgware, HA8 8UH   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 4 Albuhera Mews, London, NW7 1FQ, 2015-04-01

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for single storey rear extension. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Single storey rear extension.   Location : 4 Albuhera Mews, London, NW7 1FQ   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 133 Graham Road, London, E8 1PD, 2015-03-26

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for erection of two-storey rear extension at lower ground and ground floor level. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Hackney     Project : Erection of two-storey rear extension at lower ground and ground floor level.   Location : 133 Graham Road, London, E8 1PD   Council : Hackney         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : Ground and Lower floor Flats No 1 and 2, 7 Strathray Gardens, London, NW3 4PA, 2015-03-19

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for conversion of the existing garage into habitable accommodation, the erection of a first floor side extension above the garage and combing the lower ground and ground floor flats into one single residential unit. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Camden     Project : Conversion of the existing garage into habitable accommodation, the erection of a first floor side extension above the garage and combing the lower ground and ground floor flats into one single residential unit.   Location : Ground and Lower floor Flats No 1 and 2, 7 Strathray Gardens, London, NW3 4PA   Council : Camden         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Newsletter | March 2015, 2015-03-18

Newsletter | March 2015 - drawingandplanning.com Having trouble reading this? View it in your browser. New Hotel in Golders Green - Approved DAP are delighted to announce that plans for a Hotel (C1) in the heart of Golders Green, have been approved. The scheme will see the iconic Solly’s Building, which has remained partly derelict since a devastating fire in 2007, finally receive a new lease of life.   The approved Hotel will also consist of a new Restaurant (A3) on the ground floor adjacent to the hotel entrance. The Hotel will generate new jobs and meet the demand for budget hotel accommodation in an underprovided area. Room rates are projected to be between £40-£80 per night. Cleaning, laundry and catering services will all be outsourced, thereby contributing to the local economy.   The team at DAP worked closely with the planners at Barnet Council, who supported the principle of C1 use during our pre-application negotiations and subsequent applications. Barnet Council recently experienced a major overhaul of their planning department when it was outsourced to RE Ltd., a joint venture between Capita and Barnet Council. In our experience, this new venture is proving to be a major success. Planning applications are processed more efficiently and target determination dates are generally achieved.   The successful scheme is the culmination of months of tireless effort on the part of the team at DAP. Our Architects and Planners took great pleasure in carrying this most exciting hotel scheme through the planning process.   Our client, the freeholder of 146-150 Golders Green Road NW11, is delighted with the outcome and we look forward to working with them again on their next venture. We have been advised that the site is now FOR SALE with the benefit of planning permission so if you wish to own and operate a hotel in the heart of Golders Green, please be in touch. Likewise, if you own a site and would like independent expert advice on the scope for development, whether residential or commercial, please be in touch.     Mercham House 25-27 The Burroughs, Hendon, London, NW4 4AR P: 020 8202 3665 www.drawingandplanning.com Copyright © 2015 DAP Group. All rights reserved.

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Planning permission granted at : 146-150 Golders Green Road, London, NW11 8HE, 2015-03-16

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for alterations and extensions to existing roof including new side dormer, and creation of new floor level to rear projection to facilitate change of use of partground floor and upper floor levels into a 35no. room hotel. Demolition and redevelopment of banqueting, kitchen and storage areas to rear of building Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Alterations and extensions to existing roof including new side dormer, and creation of new floor level to rear projection to facilitate change of use of partground floor and upper floor levels into a 35no. room hotel. Demolition and redevelopment of banqueting, kitchen and storage areas to rear of building   Location : 146-150 Golders Green Road, London, NW11 8HE   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 4 Woodstock Grove, London, W12 8LE , 2015-03-13

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for enlargement of the front lightwell and erection of new external steps from basement to ground floor level in the front garden; erection of railings above the brick wall to the front garden. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Hammersmith and Fulham Council      Project : Enlargement of the front lightwell and erection of new external steps from basement to ground floor level in the front garden; erection of railings above the brick wall to the front garden.   Location : 4 Woodstock Grove,  London,  W12 8LE   Council : Hammersmith and Fulham         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 155 Heath Road, Twickenham, TW1 4BH , 2015-03-12

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for removal of existing decking, raised platform and surround lattice fencing. Proposed use of part of the existing flat roof as a residential roof terrace with surround privacy screens and installation of first floor doors to provide access to the roof terrace. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Richmond upon Thames Council      Project : Removal of existing decking, raised platform and surround lattice fencing. Proposed use of part of the existing flat roof as a residential roof terrace with surround privacy screens and installation of first floor doors to provide access to the roof terrace.   Location : 155 Heath Road, Twickenham, TW1 4BH   Council : Richmond upon Thames         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 42 Cranbourne Gardens, London, NW11 0HP, 2015-02-27

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for single storey side infill extension between main dwelling house and detached garage, excavation to create basement. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet Council      Project : Part single part two storey side and rear extension following demolition of existing side projection.   Location : 42 Cranbourne Gardens, London, NW11 0HP   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Newsletter | February 2015, 2015-02-26

Newsletter | February 2015 - drawingandplanning.com Having trouble reading this? View it in your browser. GRANTED : AEGON HOUSE, LONDON   Another successfull application by the DAP team !   We are delighted to tell our customers about a successful change of usage from office to residential. The question on all developers mind is whether prior approval for B1 - C3 will be extended.   In 2014 the Department for Communities and Local Government unveiled plans to make this temporary permitted development (PD) permanent. The temporary permitted development is due to expire on 30th May 2016.   DAP have being discussing prior approval with many colleagues and clients. The big question will be answered by the summer 2015. So far many London councils have removed these PD rights through article 4, a policy which allows rights to be removed locally.   Our estate agent partners have indicated that competition has risen drastically in the commercial B1 / office space market. Will it soon be too expensive for companies to operate out of offices? At DAP we can see a trend of large organizations moving to UK cities where rents and labour are lower, we can only see this trend continuing!   Eric Pickles has shown with recent large planning decisions that he means business. The economy is growing and specifically the real estate market is growing. Investors are now happy with 3% yield in London and 6% yield outside London. Will Eric still be in his seat after the elections? We predict an announcement about prior approval will be made following the elections in the UK   We are recruiting... Senior Architect :- Team B Senior Architect - Must have previous experience working on UK planning applications. Ex-Council Town Planner :- Many of you may be thinking it’s time to leave the council and join the private practice world. DA Planning should be your first choice !   Part-time Remote - Sales Reps :- We are looking to recruit sales rep's to add to our growing teams. Speak to your friends and get paid for it. If you are interested in any of the above roles, please contact us on below or via email jeremy@drawingandplanning.com.     Mercham House 25-27 The Burroughs, Hendon, London, NW4 4AR P: 020 8202 3665 www.drawingandplanning.com Copyright © 2015 DAP Group. All rights reserved.

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If you are looking to change a vital element of a building which will affect its main purpose, you may need to look into planning permission and change of use. Change of use is, quite simply, when you make major differences to a property which affects the service you give, changing it from one class to another. But what are building use classes?


When asking what are building use classes, you need to consider the simple concept of use class orders and the like. The government has use class orders (such as classes A, B, C and D) so that they can easily identify a use, and any major change that may affect the surrounding area. If your change won’t move the building from one class to another then no planning permission is needed – otherwise you will need to submit an application for change to one of the classes A, B C and D.


The classes are fairly simple overall, mainly changing depending on the service and overall use of a particular building. Again this is for simplicity’s sake, and without it the council would find it a lot more difficult to class buildings and such based on overall priority and benefit to the people, since that is ultimately what the function of a council is for, and you need to abide by all the regulations at all times.