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Property Change of Use



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What is Change of Use?

Change of Use Matrix

 

The Town and Country Planning Order 1987 puts uses of land and buildings into various categories known as 'Use Classes'.

To change a use within the same class (e.g. A1 to A1) does not constitute ‘development’ and does not require planning permission.

 

However, you may require planning permission to switch uses between classes, unless the proposed change is a permitted development, in which case an application for a certificate of lawfulness should be submitted to the Local Authority.

 

Many small businesses will be in Class A1 (shops) or A2 (financial and professional services). Small industrial premises in residential areas could be classified as B1, and warehouses as B8. Commercial and other clinics would be in Class D1 (non-residential institutions) and leisure uses and gyms would be in D2 (assembly and leisure).

It is strongly advised to check whether a change of use is likely to be granted before buying or leasing premises.

 

Drawing and Planning have a successful history of helping many of our clients gain Change of Usage Planning Consent from their Local Councils.

 

Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to find out how we can help you gain Change of Usage Planning Permission.


 

Change of Use to or from Class A

Use Class A1 - Shops / Retail 

 

 

Changing to A1

If you own a property that you would like to use as an A1 shop, or are thinking of taking a lease on a property but need to change the current use of the property, you have come to the right place.  In many instances a property will be permitted a change to A1 only requiring an application for a certificate of lawfulness for the change of use. However, in some cases changing to an alternate use may require planning permission.

 

 

Changing from A1

If you are a landlord or business owner and are looking to change the designation of a property from A1 to any alternative use, you will need planning permission before doing so. The most common change from A1 is either to an A3 restaurant or an A5 hot food takeaway, but there are many other potential uses. In our capacity as planning consultants we have successfully secured planning permission for changes from A1 shops to D1 gyms, B1 offices, D1 nurseries, D1 dental centres, and many more.

 

 

 


A1 Shops / Retail ►

 

Use Class A2 - Financial And Professional Services

 

 

Changing to A2

If you are looking to change the use of a property to A2 to be used for financial & professional services you may or may not need to apply for planning permission, depending on whether there is are permitted change rights. For example, if the property in question is designated as an A3 restaurant, A4 pub or A5 hot food takeaway, it may be possible to change it to A2 without applying for change of use consent, subject to it meeting certain requirements.

 

To find out if you need planning permission for a change of use you can contact us and one of our consultants will be happy to go through the scheme with you. Changing any other property to A2 will always need planning permission. 

 

 

Changing from A2

If the current designation of a property is A2 and you wish to change it to another use class, you will most likely need to apply for planning permission. In the event that your desired change is to A1 and the shop has a ground floor window display, you may be able to proceed with the change without applying for planning permission for the change of use.

 

We recommend that you determine early on whether planning permission is needed for a proposed change, as it may prove costly to apply once you have already taken a lease and set up the business. As planning consultants we have successfully secured planning permission for many of our clients seeking to change the use of an A2 premises to A3 restaurants, B1 offices, D2 gym facilities and others.

 

A2 Financial and Professional Services ►

 

Use Class A3 - Restaurants and Cafes

 

 

Changing to A3

We are consistently approached by prospective restaurateurs who have set their eyes on a particular property where they wish to open a new restaurant. Not all properties are suitable for use as a restaurant as there are many issues that may pose challenges to securing planning permission. In determining the suitability of a site for use as a restaurant we address all the issues that the Council planners may raise. A key issue is usually the placement of an extraction flume from the kitchen in a manner that will not adversely affect the amenity of the surrounding properties. Other concerns we address are the availability of parking and public transport, site access, opening hours, potential objections from neighbours and many other issues.

 

As experts in the change of use planning we offer our clients free advice on the suitability of a site in an effort to minimise the hassle associated with opening a new for use as a restaurant. In the past we have successfully secured the change of use of countless A1 retail units to restaurants, several former pubs, warehouses and even a former library. If you are considering a change of use to A3, get in touch and we would be happy to work with you to get planning permission for a restaurant.

 

 

Changing from A3

In the current economic climate many restaurants have been forced to close down business. This has resulted in an abundance of vacant A3 premises on our high street. You may have a vacant A3 on your hands but can't find an interested party, or you may have a need for a new premises for your business and have found the perfect site. Whatever the reason you need to change from A3, we are here to help you!

 

To secure a change of use, it is preferable for the property to have been vacant for approximately two years. As part of the application it will be necessary to justify the loss of the A3 unit and argue for the necessity or benefit of the proposed change. As planning consultants with particular expertise in change of use applications we have successfully changed A3 premises to a variety of uses required by our clients. Get in touch with us today to learn how we can help you get the change of use you require.

 

A3 Restaurants and Cafes ►


Use Class A4 - Drinking Establishments

Changing to A4

Changing from A4

 

 

A4 Drinking Establishments ►

 

Use Class A5 - Hot food takeaways

Changing to A5

If you are looking to open a hot-food takeaway business or get a change of use to A5 for your property, you have come to the right place. Changing the use of a premises to A5 can normally be achieved provided certain criteria are satisfied. We have an extensive record of helping our clients get the planning permission they require to set up their business very quickly and with minimum hassle. As part of a change of use planning application, it is always necessary to justify the loss of the unit you are changing from and put forth a compelling argument for the proposed change to A5.

 

We know what to look out for and have overcome every possible obstacle in getting a change of use to A5. One of the main issues, apart from justifying the change of use, is the placement of the extraction flume. This must be situated in a way that it does not adversely affect the neighbouring properties and not be visible from the street. Other issues usually relate to late opening hours, employment and access. As planning consultants, we continue to achieve planning permission for change of use to A5 on a regular basis. If you would like to discuss your scheme with us and find out how we can help you get change of use consent, please contact us and one of our consultants will be happy to go through it with you.

Changing from A5

 

 

A5 - Hot food takeaways ►


Change of use to or from Class B

Change of use to or from Class C

Use Class C1 Hotels and Hostels

Changing to C1

Changing from C1

 

 

C1 Hotels and Hostels ►

 

Use Class C2 Residential Institutions

Changing to C2

Changing from C2

 

 

C2 Residential Institutions ► 

 

Use Class C3 Dwellings, Houses, Flats, Apartments

Changing to C3

Changing the use of  a property for use as residential is often an attractive option to landlords and property investors. It is important to bear in mind that there are strict policies that apply when converting a property to residential. A key concern that can potentially alter the viability of a scheme is the minimum criteria of dwelling space required per unit. In other words, while it may be possible in theory to create residential units within your property, they must meet the minimum space standards as defined by governmental policy.

Changing from C3

 

 

C3 Dwellings, Houses, Flats, Apartments ► >>


Use Class C4 Houses in Multiple Occupation

Changing to C4

Changing from C4

 

 

C4 Houses in Multiple Occupation ► >>

Change of use to or from Class D

Change of use to or from Class Sui Generis

Sui Generis

Changing to Sui Generis

Changing from Sui Generis


 

 

Sui Generis ►>>

 

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Planning permission granted at : 48 Haycroft Gardens, London, NW10, 2014-12-18

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for demolition of existing garage to the front and gym block to the rear and erection of a 2 bedroom bungalow on land to the rear of 48 Haycroft Gardens, NW10, with associated access, provision for car and cycle parking, bin stores and landscaping. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Brent Council      Project : Demolition of existing garage to the front and gym block to the rear and erection of a 2 bedroom bungalow.   Location : 48 Haycroft Gardens, London, NW10   Council : Brent         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 37 Eglinton Hill, Plumstead, London, SE18 3NZ, 2014-12-11

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for demolition of existing garage and construction of a two storey side extension and eraction of a new garage. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Greenwich Council      Project : Formation of a brick boundary wall and demolition of existing garage (Retrospective) together with the construction of a two storey side extension and eraction of a new garage to incorporate a green roof.   Location : 37 Eglinton Hill, Plumstead, London, SE18 3NZ   Council : Greenwich         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 295 Cavendish Road, London, SW12 0PH, 2014-11-26

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for erection of a single storey side and rear extension to the ground floor flat. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Lambeth Council      Project : Erection of a single storey side and rear extension to the ground floor flat.   Location : 295 Cavendish Road, London, SW12 0PH   Council : Lambeth         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Issue of certificate of lawfulness at : 61 Holders Hill Avenue, London, NW4 1ES, 2014-11-25

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured issue of certificate of lawfulness at for extension of rear dormer. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet Council      Project : Extension of rear dormer.   Location : 61 Holders Hill Avenue, London, NW4 1ES   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 107 Albert Road, N22, London, 2014-11-24

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for creation of infill single storey extension to the ground floor flat. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Haringey Council      Project : Creation of infill single storey extension to the ground floor flat.   Location : 107 Albert Road , London, N22   Council : Haringey         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 27 The Pavement, London, SW4 0JD, 2014-11-17

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for details pursuant to condition 3 (single glazed widows) of planning permission ref 14/03143/FUL (Replacement of existing white UPVC framed double glazed windows with metal framed single glazed windows to Flat 27) Granted on 05.09.2014. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Lambeth Council      Project : Pursuant to condition 3 (single glazed widows) of planning permission ref 14/03143/FUL (Replacement of existing white UPVC framed double glazed windows with metal framed single glazed windows to Flat 27) Granted on 05.09.2014.   Location : 27 The Pavement, London, SW4 0JD   Council : Lambeth         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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The prior approval granted at : 20 Hubert Grove London SW9 9PB , 2014-11-11

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured prior approval for the erection of a single storey rear infill extension with dimensions of 5.8m (depth) and 2.9 metres (height of flat roof). Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Lambeth Council      Project : Application for prior approval for the erection of a single storey rear infill extension with dimensions of 5.8m (depth) and 2.9 metres (height of flat roof).   Location : 20 Hubert Grove, London, SW9 9PB   Council : Lambeth         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 7 The Gardens, Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 4HE, 2014-11-04

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for the conversion of a residential care home to four flats. See below for the full project details. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Harrow Council    Project : Conversion of residential care home (Use class C2 ) to four flats ( Use class C3 ); Alterations to roof to form rear dormer; Two roof lights in front roof slope and one roof light in rear roof slope; Bin store, parking, landscaping and replacement side boundary fence; External alterations ( Demolition of outbuilding, boundary wall and access ramp ).   Location : 7 The Gardens, Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 4HE   Council : Harrow         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 17 Broughton Avenue, London, N3 3ES, 2014-10-17

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for the Single storey rear extension including 3No. rooflights and new steps to rear garden following demolition of existing garage. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet Council      Project : Single storey rear extension including 3No. rooflights and new steps to rear garden following demolition of existing garage.   Location : 17 Broughton Avenue, London, N3 3ES   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Approval of Noise Management Plan at : Princess Parade, 3 New Road, Dagenham, Essex, RM10 9LS, 2014-10-15

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured approval of details reserved by condition 2 (noise management plan) in respect of inspectorate decision letter dated 12 March 2014. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Lambeth Council      Project : Application for approval of details reserved by condition 2 (noise management plan) in respect of inspectorate decision letter dated 12 March 2014.   Location : Princess Parade, 3 New Road, Dagenham, Essex, RM10 9LS   Council : Barking & Dagenham         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Issue of certificate of lawfulness at : 61, Wolfington Road, London, SE27 0RH, 2014-10-13

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured Certificate of Lawful Development (Proposed) with respect to the erection of a ground floor single storey rear extension. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Lambeth Council      Project : Erection of a ground floor single storey rear extension.   Location : 61, Wolfington Road, London, SE27 0RH   Council : Lambeth         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 16A Bennett Park Blackheath SE3, 2014-10-08

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for the construction of a new fourth floor level and associated alterations for the conversion of the ground and basement levels to create 4 self-contained flats.. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Greenwich Council      Project : Construction of a new fourth floor level and associated alterations for the conversion of the ground and basement levels to create 4 self-contained flats.   Location : Bennett Lodge, 16A Bennett Park, Blackheath, SE3   Council : Greenwich         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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If you are looking to change a vital element of a building which will affect its main purpose, you may need to look into planning permission and change of use. Change of use is, quite simply, when you make major differences to a property which affects the service you give, changing it from one class to another. But what are building use classes?


When asking what are building use classes, you need to consider the simple concept of use class orders and the like. The government has use class orders (such as classes A, B, C and D) so that they can easily identify a use, and any major change that may affect the surrounding area. If your change won’t move the building from one class to another then no planning permission is needed – otherwise you will need to submit an application for change to one of the classes A, B C and D.


The classes are fairly simple overall, mainly changing depending on the service and overall use of a particular building. Again this is for simplicity’s sake, and without it the council would find it a lot more difficult to class buildings and such based on overall priority and benefit to the people, since that is ultimately what the function of a council is for, and you need to abide by all the regulations at all times.