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A1 Use Class - Shops / Retail

 

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What is A1 Usage? Do I need Planning Permission to change to A1 Usage?

 

Here at Drawing and Planning our team of Planning Consultants have a successful history of helping our commercial clients gain the Planning Permission they require for change of usage planning consent with their local council.

 

Our team are here to help you with any query you may have regarding change of use to or from A1 Use class. Contact us today for a FREE consultation with one of our planning experts.

 

Should you require a Change of Use Application, our unique, all inclusive planning package makes us best suited to help you gain Change of use planning permission first time!

 

A1 is use for all or any of the following purposes:

 

(a) for the retail sale of goods other than hot food,
(b) as a post office,
(c) for the sale of tickets or as a travel agency,
(d) for the sale of sandwiches or other cold food for consumption off the premises,
(e) for hairdressing,
(f) for the direction of funerals,
(g) for the display of goods for sale,
(h) for the hiring out of domestic or personal goods or articles,
(i) for the reception of goods to be washed, cleaned or repaired,
(j) where the sale, display or service is to visiting members of the public.
(k) as an internet café; where the primary purpose of the premises is to provide facilities for enabling members of the public to access the internet





Matters To consider When Changing To or From A1 Building Use Class

 

A Shop can fall within 2 or more categories depending on the intended use of the establishment. For example, coffee shops usually fall within use classes A1 or A3, or a mixture of both. therefore it is always necessary to establish what the primary use of the outlet will be. In the case of coffee shops, the primary use is generally determined by the split between takeaway sales and sales for consumption on the premises.

 

So if the primary use will be for takeaway sales of goods, such as coffee, tea and cold food, the use will fall within class A1, with permission for any ancillary uses to the main A1 class.

 

Hot food takeaways fall within use class A5, but ancillary sales of hot food will still be permitted within class A1.

 

Seating can also be provided for limited consumption on the premises. However, takeaway sales of drinks and cold food must remain the dominant use to ensure there is no breach of planning law.

 

On the other hand, if the primary use of the premises will be for the sale of food or drinks to be consumed on the premises, then the proposed use will fall within class A3 and Change of Use Planning permission will be required.

 

In some cases, it might not be possible to determine a primary use. The takeaway sales may be broadly equal to the sales for consumption on the premises. Alternatively, the dominant use may fluctuate over time. This results in a mixed class A1 and A3 use, which will require planning permission.

 

 

A1 Change of Use Case Studies

 

A small selection of The Change of Use Planning Permission we have recently secured for our clients.

 

Shop (A1) to Restaurant (A3)  

Our client sought to change an old corner shop unit into an elegant Restaurant. With this type of application the extraction of fumes and hours of operation are often the main issues. As part of the application we actively negotiated the planning conditions to satisfy the needs of our client and secured the change of use.


Shop (A1) to Gym (D2) 

The main issues in this case were the increase in traffic and lack of parking. As part of the application we compiled a thorough Transport Statement to prove that the change of use would not have a detrimental impact to local parking conditions.

 

Shop (A1) to Takeaway (A5)  

The key challenges with such application are  noise, extraction and potential for anti-social behaviour. As part of our fixed price planning package we engaged with the local community to establish suitable planning conditions to ease through the application.

 

Shop (A1) to Health Care Centre (D1) 

Increases in trip generation are often a concern here, as well as issues to do with plant and ventilation. We proposed an innovative scheme to allay the planning concerns and successfully secured the Change of Use for our client.

 

House (C3) to Nail Salon (A1)  

Local planning Authorities are particularly stringent when an application involves the Loss of a family dwelling. Such applications are carefully assessed and we can often argue that the proposed use is ancillary to the primary use of the dwelling.

 


Shop (A1) to Nursery (D1)  

This application was to convert a large retail unit to a Nursery. The increases in noise and traffic are often a concern, as well as the economic impact of losing retail premises. We presented a comprehensive application which refuted all possible reasons for rejection while also providing evidence for the need of the new nursery.

 

 

Call Drawing and Planning today on 0208 202 3665 for your FREE Change of Use Consultation. 

 

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LATEST NEWS - GRANTED PLANNING PERMISSION APPLICATIONS

Planning permission granted at : 318A West Hendon Broadway, London, NW9 6AE , 2015-07-03

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for Single storey rear extension. New rear patio. Removal of existing shed and timber deck. Replacement of existing timber fence with new brick wall. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Single storey rear extension. New rear patio. Removal of existing shed and timber deck. Replacement of existing timber fence with new brick wall.   Location : 318A West Hendon Broadway, London, NW9 6AE   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 1 Langley Park, London, NW7 2AA, 2015-07-02

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for Erection of 2 no. single storey rear extensions. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Erection of 2 no. single storey rear extensions.   Location : 31 Langley Park, London, NW7 2AA   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 354 Verdant Lane, SE6, 2015-06-29

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for Alterations to the shop front including the installation of roller shutters Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Lewisham     Project : Alterations to the shop front including the installation of roller shutters.   Location : 354 Verdant Lane, SE6   Council : Lewisham         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 96 Mitcham Road, SW17 9NG, 2015-06-25

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for change of use from shop (Use Class A2) to restaurant (Use Class A3). Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Wandsworth     Project : Change of use from shop (Use Class A2) to restaurant (Use Class A3).   Location : 96 Mitcham Road, SW17 9NG   Council : Wandsworth         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 1363 London Road, Norbury, London, SW16 4BE, 2015-06-23

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for continued use for purposes within Class A3 Restaurant with alterations to front facade - shopfront. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Croydon     Project : Continued use for purposes within Class A3 Restaurant with alterations to front facade - shopfront.   Location : 1363 London Road, Norbury, London, SW16 4BE   Council : Croydon         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 1347 London Road, Norbury, London, SW16 4BE, 2015-06-23

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for continued use for purposes within Class A3 Restaurant with alterations to front facade - shopfront Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Croydon     Project : Continued use for purposes within Class A3 Restaurant with alterations to front facade - shopfront.   Location : 1363 London Road, Norbury, London, SW16 4BE   Council : Croydon         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 102 Longbridge Road, Barking, Essex IG11 8SF , 2015-06-23

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for details reserved by condition 3 (sound insulation) in respect of planning permission 13/00298/FUL. Barking and Dagenham to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barking and Dagenham     Project :  Application for approval of details reserved by condition 3 (sound insulation) in respect of planning permission 13/00298/FUL.   Location : 102 Longbridge Road, Barking, Essex, IG11 8SF   Council : Barking and Dagenham         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : Bennett lodge, 16A Bennett park, blackheath, SE3, 2015-06-22

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Newsletter | June 2015 - How to profit from planning permission, 2015-06-22

Newsletter | June 2015 - How to profit from planning permission Having trouble reading this? View it in your browser.           HOW TO PROFIT FROM PLANNING PERMISSION   Increase property value by up to 50 % in just 6 months !   Planning permission can increase the value of your property by up to 50%. Don’t believe us? These case studies illustrate just how much you can earn by securing planning permission on your site and then sell at a premium.   CASE 1 : CAR REPAIR GARAGE - NORTH LONDON   CASE 2 : FOUR BED FAMILY DWELLING – BLOOMSBURY   DAP secured a valuable planning permission for a mixed use development consisting of 8 residential units and 2 office units at ground floor level. The approved scheme involves demolition of the car repair garage premises to build an attractive and comprehensive residentially led scheme. The preliminary concept designs for residential development were supported in principle during pre-planning consultations with the local authority. However, due to the constraints of the site arising from its proximity to the surrounding residential properties, the local authority’s requirements were particularly onerous on this application. Following a lengthy consultation and negotiation process, and meticulous plan revisions we were successful in delivering the best possible scheme for this site providing much needed high quality accommodation and employment space. The client has recently sold the site with planning permission for £1.3 million, a 45% increase in value.   DAP were initially instructed to obtain planning permission and Listed Building Consent for extensions and major internal renovation work. Several weeks into the project, the client unexpectedly decided to sell this property as he was presented with a rare opportunity to acquire a substantial family dwelling in a prime London area. DAP strategically advised the client to seek planning permission for conversion to multiple self-contained dwellings prior to selling the property to increase its value and command a higher sale price. Having been given the go ahead, our brief then became to identify the configuration of units that would add the most the value to the property. Following extensive research and several concept schemes, it was concluded that a combination of 2 x 2 bedroom flats together with a single one bedroom flat was achievable in planning terms and would yield a significant uplift in value for our client. The client agreed a sale to a local property developer conditional on planning permission for £4,150,000. In this case, the client achieved a net increase of 27% in the value of his property.       CASE 3 : FOUR STOREY OFFICE (B1) BUILDING   CASE 4 : RETAIL SHOP (A1) AND RESIDENTIAL (C3) UPPERS   The client, a private asset management company instructed us to seek prior approval to convert a four storey 1960’s office building to residential under office (B1) to residential (C3) permitted development. The scheme takes advantage of what are arguably the most significant new permitted development rights introduced in May 2013 for a temporary period of three years. Under the new procedure we were able to achieve an incredible 19 x 1 bedroom flats which would have otherwise been impossible under the ordinary procedure. Office buildings are seen to provide an important employment function (even though this one was mostly vacant) and are protected by planning policy. Conversion to residential is generally very difficult to achieve, and those that are approved must conform to the onerous space standards of the London Plan. Our client capitalised on this unique relaxation in the planning regime to obtain residential use for the property and in doing so realised an immediate 44% surge in its value. The property as a residential development attracted considerable interest and we understand a sale has now been agreed in the region of £3,600,000.   This unmodernised end of terrace retail (A1) shop with residential upper parts was purchased with view to extend and develop as much as possible to create additional residential units. DAP successfully secured planning permission for extensions to this property at first and second floor level to create 3 self-contained flats comprising 2 x 2 bedroom and 1 x 1 bedroom flats. The client was unable to carry out the building works after the grant of planning permission. We understand the property was recently sold at public auction for £1,200,000.   If you own a property and would like free confidential advice on whether it is suitable for redevelopment please contact us on 0208 202 3665 or at info@drawingandplanning.com       Mercham House 25-27 The Burroughs, Hendon, London, NW4 4AR P: 020 8202 3665 www.drawingandplanning.com Copyright © 2015 DAP Group. All rights reserved.

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Planning permission granted at : 65 Gallants Farm Road, Barnet, EN4 8ER, 2015-06-15

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for first floor side extension. Demolition of existing garage and carport and erection of a part single, part two storey side and rear extension. Front porch canopy. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : First floor side extension. Demolition of existing garage and carport and erection of a part single, part two storey side and rear extension. Front porch canopy.   Location : 65 Gallants Farm Road, Barnet, EN4 8ER   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Planning permission granted at : 114 Bridge Lane, London, NW11 9JS, 2015-06-04

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured planning permission for single storey rear extension, Insertion of obscured glazed window to side elevation to replace existing side access door. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Single storey rear extension, Insertion of obscured glazed window to side elevation to replace existing side access door.   Location : 114 Bridge Lane, London, NW11 9JS   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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Certificate of lawfulness granted at : 1 Langley Park, London, NW7 2AA, 2015-06-04

Drawing and Planning have successfully secured certificate of lawfulness for extension to roof including hip to gable end, rear dormer window and 3no. rooflights to facilitate a loft conversion. Single storey rear outbuilding. Click Here to See Our Full Range of Planning Services  in Barnet     Project : Extension to roof including hip to gable end, rear dormer window and 3no. rooflights to facilitate a loft conversion. Single storey rear outbuilding.   Location : 1 Langley Park, London, NW7 2AA   Council : Barnet         Need Planning Permission? Call us today on 0208 202 3665 to talk to one of expert consultant and learn how we can help you get Planning Permission.

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A number of businesses considering changing status of buildings may have heard of A1 use class shops and different classes, but may be asking themselves things like ‘what is A1 usage?’ and ‘do I need planning permission to change to A1 usage?’

To answer the first question, what is A1 usage, we shall look at examples. A1 use class shops serve functions such as sale of goods that aren’t hot food, direction of funerals, post offices, ticket sales and many more. This is generally where you can directly buy goods that are relevant to you. There are other classes, but if A1 is the relevant one to you then that is all that matters.

‘Do I need planning permission to change to A1 usage?’ is different though. If your current building is in a different class then yes, you will need permission to change. If it is the same class, for example renovating a funeral home to a post office, you will not need permission.

The planning permission is there simply so the council can keep track of the different services provided to the people, hence you have to file for permission when making major changes into different sections and classes.